An estimated 33,696 inhabitants (5,616 families) in some 52 ‘informal settlements’ live in and around Kabul. During the winter of 2011/2012, an estimated 24 children living in Kabul’s informal settlements were reported to have perished from hypothermia. Many of children were extremely weak even before the winter, and the cold temperatures served as an aggravating factor leading to increased suffering and death.
Before the onset of the 2012/2013 winter, contingency planning commenced to mitigate a similar negative humanitarian impact of low temperature and snow fall. Through the KIS task force, a joint needs assessment was carried out, and based on the findings, assistance provision responsibilities were agreed between UN and NGO partners to ensure full coverage and avoid duplication.
The winterization effort is carried out in close partnership with the Government of Afghanistan. ANDMA and MoRR/DoRR were involved throughout the assessment and planning process. MoRR and DORR played a critical role in providing information, assisting in re-verification process, and offering assistance in facilitating security.
Distribution of relief items to all KIS locations started in December, with emphasis on fuel, food, blankets, clothes and plastic sheeting. Distribution of blankets, plastic tarpaulins, kitchen sets, firewood or charcoal, and warm clothes was completed in early January. The distribution of monthly fuel supplies was completed in February, and food was completed in mid-March.
The assistance provided by the humanitarian community is responsive in nature, and will alleviate suffering only temporarily. Long term durable solutions including rural development, urban planning, and housing and property rights, must be sought in order to adequately and effectively reduce vulnerability and further suffering.
Please refer 3W map for details of distribution.